The Human Rights Index for the Arab Countries, sponsored by the United Nations Development Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR), is a repository for the entire set of United Nations documents pertaining to human rights and the responses, including reservations, by the Arab member states to the committees that monitor the core international human rights treaties. There are eight of these human rights treaty bodies, which meet regularly to monitor the implementation of the respective treaties:
1. Human Rights Committee (CCPR) 2. Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) 3. Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) 4. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 5. Committee against Torture (CAT) 6. Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 7. Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW) 8. Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
The Arab Human Rights Index (AHR) covers each Arab country's ratification of and any reservations concerning the International Human Rights Treaties. It also covers a few International Labour Organization Conventions that are relevant to human rights. The reservations are referenced by article of the international convention in question, so as to clarify the country's precise stance on the matter. The AHR country pages provide easy access to the official reports -core, initial and periodic reports- pertinent to the international committee monitoring the application of the respective treaty. Shadow Reports are also available as part of a country's coverage as well as links to organizations of human rights in the country and related publications.
The AHR index makes it easy for users to access official documents such as the core International Human Rights Treaties, other relevant UN documents, and regional human rights documents. Whenever possible, we provide the documents in the three languages - Arabic, English, and French.
United Nations Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Creation
The Council was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251. Its first session took place from 19 to 30 June 2006. One year later, the Council adopted its "Institution-building package" to guide its work and set up its procedures and mechanisms.
Among them were the Universal Periodic Review mechanism which serves to assess the human rights situations in all United Nations Member States, the Advisory Committee which serves as the Council's "think tank" providing it with expertise and advice on thematic human rights issues and the Complaint Procedure which allows individuals and organizations to bring human rights violations to the attention of the Council.
The Human Rights Council also works with the UN Special Procedures established by the former Commission on Human Rights and now assumed by the Council. These are made up of special rapporteurs, special representatives, independent experts and working groups that monitor, examine, advise and publicly report on thematic issues or human rights situations in specific countries. Review of the Council
When creating the Human Rights Council in March 2006 the United Nations General Assembly decided that the Council's work and functioning should be reviewed five years after it had come into existence at the level of the General Assembly. More information about the review and its 2011 outcome are available here.